What is Depression?
Depression is a mood disorder that negatively affects how an individual feels, thinks, and acts. Depression has an impact not only on the individual but also impacts their environment, situations, and interpersonal relationships. Depression is more common than one may think, and often treatment is needed to help manage this condition. Nearly 20 million Americans struggle with depression in a given year. People with depression tend to experience a specific set of symptoms that can seriously interfere with a person’s ability to handle daily activities, work or school responsibilities, and relationships.
People with depression experience intense feelings of sadness, helplessness, worthlessness, and hopelessness that can last for days to weeks at a time. In clinical terms, depression is defined as the persistence of five to seven symptoms over a two week period. If left untreated, depression can have a devastating effect.
At Montare Behavioral Health, we know that depression can become so severe that people will require treatment to help them overcome and manage their symptoms. Our experienced team of clinicians and medical professionals will work to address the root cause of depression through a comprehensive and holistic treatment plan.
Types of Depression
Depression is not a one size fits all mental health disorder. There are several types of depression that can affect a person. Most forms of depression share similar symptoms. However, they vary in how and why they develop. The most common form of depression is Major Depressive Disorder (Major Depression).
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
MDD affects over 16 million Americans each year and is the main disorder which the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-5) lists all other forms of depressive disorders. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, despair, fatigue, weight gain or loss, change in sleeping habits, loss of interest in usual activities or hobbies, slowed down motor movements, and suicidal thoughts and attempts. For an official diagnosis, these symptoms must persist for longer than 2 weeks. People who experience major depression tend to have multiple episodes throughout their lifetime.
Dysthymia is characterized as a form of Major Depression that lasts two or more years. Symptoms may be milder than Major Depression, but they are more chronic. People living with dysthymia have a low or gloomy mood that persists most days and lasts most of the day. If they are symptom free, it is usually lasts no longer than two months.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
If you experience symptoms of depression that last for two years or more, it’s also known as a persistent depressive disorder. This term has also been used in place of dysthymia (persistent low-grade depression) and chronic major depression. Symptoms of persistent depressive disorder can include major shifts in appetite or sleep patterns, lack of energy, low self-esteem, and issues concentrating or making decisions.
The birth of a baby brings on many different emotions that can range from excitement and joy to fear and anxiety. It can also trigger an unexpected condition like depression. More than 3 million new mothers will be affected by postpartum depression each year. The majority of new moms experience postpartum “baby blues” after giving birth. Common symptoms can include mood swings, crying spells, anxiety, and problems sleeping. Over 85 percent of new mothers do feel some sadness after their baby is born, but up to 16 percent of new mothers experience enough sadness serious enough to be diagnosed as a type of depression. Postpartum depression is characterized by feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, fatigue, loneliness, fears over hurting the baby, and a feeling of disconnection from their baby. It typically occurs within weeks to months after having a child but can develop within a year after a woman gives birth.
About 20 percent of people with depression have episodes so severe that they develop psychotic symptoms. Psychotic depression usually occurs when psychosis is present, along with severe depression. Psychosis is a mental state characterized by disorganized thinking or behavior, false beliefs, delusions, false sights or sounds, and hallucinations.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, a person who is psychotic is out of touch with reality. They may hear voices or have strange and illogical ideas. An example of this is that they believe others can hear their thoughts or want to harm them. People suffering from psychotic depression may get angry without reason. Some also spend a lot of their time alone or in bed, sleeping most of the day and staying awake at night. It can even lead to poor hygiene and self-neglect, like not bathing or changing their clothes. They may be hard to talk to or barely speak, and when they do speak, the things they say, do not make sense.
Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder or PMDD is a type of depression that affects women during the second half of their menstrual cycle. PMDD is characterized by extreme sadness, hopelessness, moodiness, anxiety, tension irritability, and/or anger. Symptoms include depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Unlike premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, which affects up to 85 percent of women and has milder symptoms, PMDD is more severe and affects about 5 percent of women. Other factors that may contribute to women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder are thyroid disorders, being overweight, having a mother with a history of this condition, and lack of exercise. The majority of women with PMDD also have Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder is a type of depression that is related to changes in seasons. SAD usually starts and ends at about the same time every year, draining your energy and affecting your mood. Seasonal Affective Disorder, or SAD, usually starts in early winter and lifts in spring. About 4 to 6 percent of people in the US are estimated to have a type this type of depression. SAD is characterized by symptoms of sadness, anxiety, irritability, daytime fatigue, and weight gain. SAD usually occurs in winter climates, due to the lack of natural sunlight. Less commonly, people who experience the opposite pattern experience symptoms that start in spring or summer. In both cases, symptoms tend to start out mild, but become more severe as the season progresses.
Some signs and symptoms of seasonal affective disorder may include feeling depressed for most of the day almost every day, losing interest in activities, sleep problems, low energy, difficulty concentrating, and feeling hopeless, worthless, or guilty. Some symptoms that are specific to winter-onset SAD, sometimes referred to as “winter depression” are oversleeping, changes in appetite, weight gain, and fatigue or low energy. People going through summer-onset seasonal affective disorder, or “summer depression,” can experience symptoms like insomnia, poor appetite, weight loss, and agitation or anxiety.
Depression can be devastating and interfere with one’s ability to enjoy daily life. An estimated 7% of the United States has suffered from at least one depressive episode in the past year. Depression is caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. It is important to remember that depression is treatable. People can’t just snap out of depression or expect it just to go away. People who suffer from depression must be treated with therapy, medication, and/or a combination of both. The residential depression treatment program at Montare Behavioral Health utilizes individualized treatment plans in a therapeutic environment in order to treat depression.
Treatment plans include psychotherapy, medication, exercise, neurofeedback, light therapy, brain stimulation, and holistic treatments. Oftentimes the sooner one enrolls in depression treatment, the better off they will be. For those individuals who are experiencing depression, seeking help for depression treatment can be beneficial. At Montare Behavioral Health, we treat a wide variety of depression disorders and can help you restore a sense of control to your life. Contact us today at (888) 292-0870 to learn more about how Montare Behavioral Health can help you overcome depression.
Treatment of Depression at Montare Behavioral Health
Depression can be devastating and interfere with one’s ability to enjoy daily life. An estimated 7% of the United States has suffered from at least one depressive episode in the past year. Depression is caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. It is important to remember that depression is treatable. People can’t just snap out of depression or expect it just to go away. People who suffer from depression must be treated with therapy, medication, and/or a combination of both. The residential depression treatment program at Montare Behavioral Health utilizes individualized treatment plans in a therapeutic environment in order to treat depression. Treatment plans include psychotherapy, medication, exercise, neurofeedback, light therapy, brain stimulation, and holistic treatments.
Oftentimes the sooner one enrolls in depression treatment, the better off they will be. For those individuals who are experiencing depression, seeking help for depression treatment can be beneficial. At Montare Behavioral Health, we treat a wide variety of depression disorders and can help you restore a sense of control to your life. Contact us today at (888) 292-0870 to learn more about how we can help you overcome depression.